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Clean Water Act (CWA)

It is important to know that for some situations your operation may require several National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) or State (SPDES) permits. For example, if you fall under the industrial category needing a stormwater permit and occasionally you discharge process wastewater to waters of the U.S. and this discharge is not covered under your stormwater permit, you'd need to obtain coverage under an individual permit as well. You'd have two permits, a stormwater permit and an individual permit and in most cases they are obtained through your state agency.

Industrial Stormwater

Multi Sector General Permit (MSGP) This federal MSGP is only applicable in a limited number of places that are listed under Appendix C of the MSGP. Mainly in MA, NH, NM, ID, AK, PR, Guam, Midway Island, Wake Island, Johnson Atoll, Northern Mariana Islands, and in specified Indian Country and Federal Facilities in certain states. All other places would require the applicable state permit and requirements. For state stormwater contacts go to http://www.portcompliance.org/stateregs.php.

General Permit: Multi-Sector General Permit For Stormwater Discharges Associated With Industrial Activity (MSGP) (June, 2015)

2015 MSGP This is the EPA web site with link to the permit.

When Can I Terminate Coverage under the Multi Sector General Permit?

No Exposure Certification

Related Web Sites and Documents

Effluent Limitation Guidelines

NPDES page This is an overview of the storm water program.

Industrial Sectors Requiring Storm Water Permit

Stormwater Discharges Associated With Industrial Activity

MSGP fact sheets Identifies the various industrial sectors

State Storm Water Contacts

State Storm Water Contacts

Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plans (SWPPP)

Note the SWPPP guidance below is for the federal permit and in many places (as stated above in the Industrial Stormwater MSGP section) the state permit will be the regulation to follow.

15 Elements Simple Fact Sheet
Additional elements for select port sectors Simple Fact Sheet

Industrial SWPPP Template

A SWPPP Guide for Industrial Operators

What Constitutes a Non-Storm Water Discharges

Clean Water Act (CWA) Non-Storm Water Simple Fact Sheet

An EPA PowerPoint Presentation

Industrial Stormwater: What You Need to Know About the 2008 Multi-Sector General Permit (EPA PowerPoint Presentation)

NPDES Vessel Discharge Permit

Vessel General Permit Newsletter

Vessel General Permit Fact Sheet

Vessel General Permit electronic Notice of Intent (e-NOI)

PVA Manual for Compliance with the EPA Vessel General Permit (VGP) for Discharges Incidental to the Normal Operation of a Vessel (Feb. 2009)

American Waterways Operators Recommended Practice Guide (Jan. 2009)

Construction Storm Water

Video - Clean Diesel (23 min.)

Related Web Sites
Construction Compliance Assistance Center

Construction Planning Guide (The MYER Guide)

Construction General Permit

Construction Post-Inspection Information
Post-inspection Compliance Assistance

Post-inspection Compliance Assistance: Construction Sector: Stormwater

Individual Discharge Permits

It is important to understand that all discharges of pollutants to the Waters of the United States require an individual permit which should be obtained from the applicable permitting authority. Sections 301 and 402 of the Clean Water Act and 40 CFR §122.2 requires National or State (including Territorial or Tribal) Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES/SPDES) permits for the discharge of "pollutants" from any "point source" into "waters of the United States." The terms "pollutant", "point source" and "waters of the United States" are defined at 40 CFR §122.2. Discharges can include, but not limited to, wastewater, cooling water and non-stormwater discharges that are not allowable under the federal or state stormwater permits. Water of the United States includes Separate Storm Sewer Systems. For wastewater discharges to a local treatment plant, permission from the control authority is required and possible pretreatment permit.

In layterms, regardless if you have a stormwater permit, if you discharge any process wastewater to the waters of the U.S., you will need to get an individual permit and usually this is through your state agency. In some cases you'll have two permits, a stormwater permit and an individual permit. If your process wastewater goes directly to the local treatment plant, you may need to get a pretreatment permit.

Effluent Limitation Guidelines


General information on NPDES Pretreatment

Effluent Limitation Guidelines

Transportation Equipment Cleaning
EPA Permit Guidance Document - Transportation Equipment Cleaning Point Source Category (40 CFR § 442)


Wetland Regulation Facts

Clean Air Act (CAA)

Plain English Guide to the CAA

Clean Air Technology Center

CAA - Common Air Pollutants
Common Air Pollutants CAA web sites

CAA - EPA Rule for Ocean Going Vessel Emissions
On December 22, 2009, EPA announced final emission standards under the Clean Air Act for new marine diesel engines with per-cylinder displacement at or above 30 liters (called Category 3 marine diesel engines) installed on U.S.-flagged vessels.

CAA - Asbestos
Subpart M - National Emission Standard for Asbestos
Guidance for Controlling Asbestos-Containing Materials in Buildings," June 1985 (EPA 560/5-85-024)

Related Web Sites
Title 40 CFR Part 61 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants

CAA - Asbestos, Brake & Clutch Repair

Compliance Guidance For Industrial Process Refrigeration Leak Repair Regulations Under Section 608 Of The Clean Air Act Oct. 1995.

Related Web Sites
General Ozone Information
Stationary Refrigeration

CAA - Emissions from Bulk Storage
Technical Guidance for Control of Industrial Process Fugitive Particulate Emissions

CAA - Fumigation
Fumigation Practices

CAA - Lead
Protect Your Family fact sheet
EPA's Lead - Renovation, Repair, Painting

CAA - Paint Stripping Coating
Paint Coatings & Misc Surface Coating Website
Summary of Regulations Controlling Air Emissions from Paint Stripping and Miscellaneous Surface Coating Operations
Paint & Coatings Resource Center

CAA - Marine Vessel Loading Operations
Note: Starting on January 1, 2012, industry must use the electronic reporting tool (ERT) (see http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ert/index.html) to compile the performance test reports electronically.
These ERT transmittals will be made through the Central Data Exchange (CDX) (www.epa.gov/cdx) and the Compliance and Emissions Data Reporting Interface within the CDX to WebFIRE which will be the data repository for these data and reports. WebFIRE will link to AP-42 ultimately. There will be a link to a CDX and CEDRI informational document on the ERT website as well.

CAA - Boilers
Most boilers are subject to the Federal New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) regulations. The applicable regulations can be found at 40 CFR Part 60 Subparts Db and Dc. Subpart Db applies to the larger boilers (greater than 100 million BTU/hr) which were constructed after June 19, 1984, whereas Subpart Dc applies to the smaller boilers (between 10 and 100 million BTU/hr) which were built after June 8, 1989. Depending on the type of fuel combusted, the regulations have emission standards for sulfur dioxide, nitrogen's oxides and particulate matter. The NSPS also have requirements for monitoring and record keeping.

The following boiler web link was developed for the healthcare sector; however, it is applicable to any industry because a boiler is a boiler is a boiler. There are links within to EPA resources and State agency boiler contacts. http://www.hercenter.org/facilitiesandgrounds/boilers.php#fuels

CAA - General Duty Clause
The general duty clause has been in effect and enforceable since November 15, 1990. It applies to any facility where extremely hazardous substances are present.

CAA - General Conformity Rule
General conformity relates to ports in cases where the port authority is working closely with a federal agency (e.g. US Army Crops of Engineers on a dredging project, for example.) This rule requires consideration of State Implementation Plans regarding national ambient air quality standards.

CAA - Title V
CAA Title V Permits

CAA - Fuels
Alternative fuels and vehicle conversion

Diesel fuel

Gasoline fuel

Gasoline Dispensing

CAA - Vehicles and Equipment
Fact sheet on stationary sources vs. mobile source regarding crane operators

Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA)

This is a 254 page comprehensive manual that explains RCRA in lay terms.

RCRA - Small Quantity Generator Status

This is a 31 page comprehensive manual that explains the small quantity generator (SQG) status.

RCRA - Recycling

Fact sheet on what can be considered recycled material under RCRA Simple Fact Sheet

RCRA - Import/Export of Hazardous Wastes

Fact sheet on rules governing Importing/Exporting Simple Fact Sheet

RCRA - Bilge & Ballast Water
Applies to RCRA because it becomes a hazardous waste once it's stored on land. The U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, and US Dept. of Agriculture are also concerned. For fact sheets/information please refers to U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Dept. of Transportation and the US Dept. of Agriculture sections below.

RCRA - Cathode Ray Tubes
Easier Recycling of Cathode Ray Tubes

Cathode Ray Tube regulations

RCRA - Used Antifreeze

RCRA - Universal Wastes

Fact sheet on RCRA Universal Waste rules Simple Fact Sheet


RCRA - Used Oil

Fact sheet on what constitutes used oil under RCRA Simple Fact Sheet

Tanks & Spills

Underground Storage Tanks (UST) (RCRA)
Everything You Wanted to Know About UST (part 1)

Everything You Wanted to Know About UST (part 2)

40 page UST comprehensive guidance

51 page manual for Operating/Maintenance of UST

A checklist for operating and maintaining sumps and spill buckets

Aboveground Storage Tanks (AST) (CWA)
Everything You Wanted to Know About AST

Spill Prevention Control Countermeasure Plan (SPCC) (CWA)


Reporting Spills
Reporting oil and chemical spills

18 page Facility Response Plan Guide

Fact sheet: How to Report Oil Discharges to the National Response Center

National Response Center Powerpoint presentation

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Act (CERCLA)

EPA Brownfields

EPA: Cleaning up the Nation's Hazardous Wastes Sites


EPA R9 Dredging







Emergency Planning & Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA)

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA)

EPCRA Fact Sheet

EPCRA 313 Toxic Release Inventory

Federal Insecticide Fungicide & Rodinticide Act (FIFRA)

EPA Pesticide web site

Marine Protection Research & Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA)

EPA MPRSA web site

Pollution Prevention Act (PPA)

EPA PPA web site

Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)


Your local drinking water information

Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)


Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA)

The objective of the Coastal Zone Management Act is to control nonpoint pollution sources that affect coastal water quality. http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/lzma.php

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Relating to a port, the U.S FWS regulates invasive species and related matters concerning fishing operations, importing/exporting, oil spills.

Fish and Wildlife Web Sites
US FWS web site
Import & export
Invasive Species
EPA Endangered Species Act web site
State Agencies that manage fish & wildlife resources
Oil Spill Preparation and Response
Facts About Federal Wildlife Laws

National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration

Relating to a port, the NOAA regulates coastal brownfields or "portfields" due to the close relationship to the shore side and endangered species concerns.

NOAA Web Sites
Endangered Species NOAA permit

U.S. Army Corp of Engineers

Relating to a port, the U.S ACE regulates dredging operations and fill material for port property and public spaces.

Army Corps of Engineers Web Sites
Data Center
Port Series Reports
Waterborne Commerce

U.S. Coast Guard

Relating to a port, the USCG regulates hazardous wastes coming off ships, vapor control systems, oil spills, and various MARPOL annexes related to the environment including:

Annex 1 Oil Residue; Annex 2 Chemical Noxious Liquid Substances; Annex 3 Prevention of Pollution from Package Form; Annex 5 Garbage; Annex 6 Air Pollution from ships/Ozone Depleting Substances.

Coast Guard Web Sites
Home Page

MARPOL Presentation September 2009

International Maritime Organization

Marpol Reception Facilities USCG Certificate of Adequacy (COA) Program (April 2008 PowerPoint Presentation)

Marine Information Exchange (CGMIX). This is a listing of all port reception facilities that have been issued a Certificate of Adequacy (COA) by the Coast Guard for their MARPOL port reception facilities (oil, noxious liquids, and garbage) In the future, wastes associated with air pollution prevention from ships may be included in the Coast Guard's COA program. Here is the web address: http://cgmix.uscg.mil/MARPOL/Default.aspx

Bulk Liquid Facility Inspection Job Aid (April 2008)

Chemical Transportation Advisory Committee

Ballast Water - Navigation & Vessel Inspection Circular (NVIC)

Ballast Water rule making - May 2009

Marine Vapor Control System - Hydrocarbon Engineering article 2003

Waste Delivery from Vessel to Port

Small Business support

U.S. Department of Transportation

Relating to a port operator, the U.S.DOT regulates hazardous materials transport, natural gas and other gas transported by pipeline. http://www.dot.gov/new/index.htm

U.S. DOT - Maritime Administration
Related Web Sites
Maritime Administration

U.S. DOT - Pipeline & Hazardous Material Safety Administration

U.S. Department of Agriculture

Related to a port, the U.S. Dept of Agriculture regulates import/export, inspections of food products, labeling guidelines.

Ballast Water
Compliance Assistance
Environmental Compliance
Export information
Import information

Inspecting Grain - Practical Procedures for Grain Handlers

U.S. Food & Drug Administration

Related to a port, the FDA regulates import/export food issues, FDA inspector documents,
newsletter FDA Beyond our Borders, guidance document on fish & fishery product hazards,
food labeling and safety guidance, and more.

Federal Maritime Commission

Related to ports, the FMC regulates certain activities of Marine Terminal Operators (MTOs) under the Shipping Act of 1984. http://www.fmc.gov/assets/1/Page/reportdemurrage.pdf


Confidential Business Information

Confidential Business Information. A brief explanation about what can be defined as confidential under the Clean Water Act.

CBI Authorization Form. This form is to be submitted to EPA if you are requesting information become confidential.